Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin infection characterized by a scaly dry skin. It is autoimmune and very persistence thus making it chronic. Autoimmune meaning that body immune system mistakenly starts to react by producing dysfunctional skin cells.
Causes of psoriasis
Psoriasis can be due to:
• Hormonal change.
• Injuries to the skin.
• Anxiety and stress.
• Some medications prescriptions depending on body reactions. Such medications include Indomethacin, Quinidine, Antimalarials, and lithium.
• Genetic link meaning that it is running in families.
• Environmental and chemical conditions that affect skin directly.
• Dead skin appears attached to the live skin cells. This causes the skin to appear scaly. The live skin cells react vigorously causing the skin replacement process to be so fast.
• Piling of the dead outer skin thus to making the skin have red, flaky, crusty patches that are sometimes covered with scales that shed slowly.
• The appearance of small patches around the scalp, lower back, knees and on the elbows.
• Severe itching and burning of the skin.
There are six types of psoriasis namely:
• Plaque psoriasis. It the most common psoriasis. It is characterized by red lesions that are raised and inflamed. It mainly affects the lower back, elbows, scalp, and knees.
• Inverse psoriasis. This psoriasis mainly affects body parts with skin folds such as: under the breasts, the groin and in the armpits.
• Erythrodermic psoriasis. It is at times a later progress of plaque psoriasis. The erythema or reddening of the skin may be caused by an imbalance in the body chemistry.
• Guttate psoriasis. It starts affecting people at childhood and young adulthood stage.
• Pustular psoriasis. It affects adults more than children. It is characterized by pustules of pus though this pus in noninfectious.
• Psoriatic arthritis. This illness is a condition that develops from psoriasis itself.
Treatment for psoriasis
There are three main treatments for psoriasis namely:
• Phototherapy. It involves exposing the skin the skin to ultraviolet light under doctor’s supervision.
• Topical therapy. This involves the application of ointment and other skin gels on the skin surface.
• Systemic therapy. This is done throughout the body either by oral or injection of methotrexate, cyclosporine or acitretin administering.
Although psoriasis is not contagious, it poses a negative social impact to those living with this condition. This is because they felt marginalized and sometimes discriminated. So as a good social human being, you should always interact well with people suffering from psoriasis.